Exploring the Enchanting Sundarbans

The Sundarbans, inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, stands as the pride of West Bengal, India. Spanning approximately 10,000 square kilometers in the Ganges Delta, this mesmerizing biosphere reserve is situated southeast of Kolkata, embracing the Bay of Bengal. A unique natural wonder, Sundarbans holds distinction as the world’s largest mangrove forest, adorned with the grandeur of Royal Bengal Tigers. With 78 recorded species of mangroves, it serves as a crucial wetland nursery for marine organisms.

Sunderban National Park - The World Heritage Site In India

Category: Natural landscape, River/Lake

Timing: Anytime between 7 am to 5 pm

Closed On: Null

Reasons for Inscription:

Sundarbans earned its place on the UNESCO list under criteria (ix) and (x). It stands out as the largest mangrove forest globally, featuring a remarkable concentration of Royal Bengal Tigers. The site’s significance lies in its role as a wetland nursery, vital for the survival of various marine organisms.

Marvels of Sundarbans:

Situated at the confluence of the Ganga and Brahmaputra basin, Sundarbans shares its glory between India and Bangladesh. The Indian territory hosts the major portion, making it a natural wonder for both nations. The mangrove forest, home to the world’s largest tiger population, showcases the adaptability of these creatures to an amphibious life. Tigers here are adept swimmers and runners, sustaining themselves on a diet of fish, crab, and water monitor lizards.

Apart from tigers, Sundarbans shelters rare and endangered species, including aquatic mammals like the Ganges dolphin, finless porpoise, Indo-Pacific humpbacked dolphin, and Irrawaddy dolphin. The Sajnakhali area is a haven for waterbirds, featuring indigenous species such as the black-necked stork, Asian open-bill stork, white ibis, greater adjutant, white-collared kingfisher, swamp francolin, black-capped kingfisher, and brown-winged kingfisher. Additionally, rare winter migrants like the Wader and marsh birds find refuge in this remarkable ecosystem.

How to Get There:

No matter your chosen mode of transport, a boat ride is essential to reach Sundarbans. Given its proximity to Kolkata, transportation from various parts of the country is convenient.

By Air: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport in Kolkata is the nearest airport, accessible to both domestic and international tourists.

By Rail: Canning, the nearest railway station, connects to Sealdah Station via local trains. From Canning, buses to Raidighi, Namkhana, Najat, and Sonakhali provide access to motorboat services for Sundarbans.

By Road: Travelers can reach Kolkata and then take a bus from Esplanade or Howrah to embark on their Sundarbans adventure.

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